5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution

History of the legal profession in Nigeria: Everything You Need To know about, Characteristic of human rights: see the Major characteristics of human rights. THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF FEDERALISM Federalism is a form of government that allows for more than one central entity to have power. Meanwhile, if you still have questions or contributions to make on the merits and demerits of a written constitution, please share it with us using the comment section. Weaknesses of the Constitution. In this way, a written constitution may help to ensure stability and also promote the principle of separation of powers amongst the organs of the government. Bscholarly is an education and legal blog that is focused on disseminating Legal tips/news, Court judgments, Case Summaries, Admission News and school tips for scholars all over the world. Although, other laws may be incorporated into it by reference in its provisions. 3. Keeping centralized power in check. 3. Below are the demerits of a written constitution: The fact that a written constitution is difficult to amend is both an advantage and a disadvantage at the same time. Disadvantages of a rigid constitution include: It doesn't keep pace with the fast-changing social environment It hinders the process of social development because of its inability to change easily It is a source of hindrance during emergencies Merits and Demerits of Richards constitution of 1946, Letter from Lt. Col. Ojukwu to Lt. Col. Victor Banjo commanding him to liberate Western Nigeria, Download Soyoyo by Musiliu Haruna Ishola Mp3, The Nigerian Independence Constitution of 1960, Comprehensive History of Ilorin and the Reign of Afonja, Today In Nigerian History: First Military Coup In Nigeria on Jan 15 1966, Ibini Ukpabi- The Long Juju of Arochukwu And A Passage of No Return, 30 Facts About Nigerian Leaders That Will Leave You Really Amazed, The Kano Riot of 1953 – Causes and Effects, Orishas (Deities) worshipped in Yoruba Land, A Picture Showing Valentine’s Day Celebration in 1965, Nigeria, The Igbo Landing – Story Of Igbo Slaves Who Rebelled Against Slave Traders And Committed Mass Suicide In U.S.A., 1803. Hope this article was helpful? In my view, the best type of constitution depends solely on the political nature of the state/country in question. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Although, other laws may be incorporated into it by reference in its provisions. 2. Note that from time to time, I will update this work with more relevant information to the topic. Unless it is liberally interpreted by the courts and also timeously frequently amended in a spirit of give and take like the US constitution, such country may find itself in a strait Jacket as its rigid provisions will not meet present and future needs of the country. Unauthorized use or duplication of our contents without express and written permission from us is strictly prohibited. Thus, the court will be flooded with a lot of cases to handle. It usually spell out the procedure for its amendment as may be necessary to meet the changing needs of the country. Advantage And Disadvantages Of Federalism. Also see: Features of Clifford Constitution of 1922. It is the view of many politicians and academics globally that a constitution should grow with the society in keeping with that particular time in the historical development of the country. 1. A federal government presupposes the division of powers between the central government and the governments of the units. It depends on the nature of politics and value of citizens of the country. Since component units are g… This is unlike an unwritten constitution because a written constitution is contained in one single document. Ratified in 1788, the document contains 27 amendments is readily available to read online. Required fields are marked *. The communist governments were the only regimes in history ever to suppress the right of exit almost completely. Essential in a Federation: A written constitution is essential for a federation. In most heterogeneous countries of the world, written constitution is used to bring about a uniform law in the state so as to promote unity and growth in the state. The people are given ... 2. Weaknesses of the Constitution. However the Britain constitution involves a written foundation such as the statutes. It can be easily consulted. Strengths of the Constitution. Land Conservancy Of Canada, The disadvantages of using this type of system are it has slow government response. Sugar Ray Every Morning Release Date, In Nigeria for instance, it is deemed that the Constitution of the country supports the Northerners more than the people in the south. Costa Rica Animals, This is the key characteristic of a written constitution. Below are the merits and demerits (advantages and disadvantages)… Read More » Read the full details and features of the Richards constitution here. what are the advantages or disadvantages of a federal system? O'hare Airport Departures, Kettle Creek Malt Whiskey, On one hand, this is a good feature of a written constitution. THE BENEFITS OF FEDERALISM Incubus 5e, Features of democracy: 7 Key Features of a Democratic government, See the characteristics of customary law in Nigeria, Pillars of democracy: 4 major pillars of a democratic government. No Rest For The Wicked Meme, Confederal systems of governement tend to easily collapse, since there is the option to secede if so desired. It is indispensable to federalism. Corroborating this definition, Politics.co.uk defines a written constitution as a formal document defining the nature of the constitutional settlement, the rules that govern the political system and the rights of citizens and governments in a codified form. The advantages of an unwritten constitution far outweigh the disadvantages (40) You must make a judgement. The written constitution is very clear and precise. Below are some of the countries that have a written constitution in the world: I enjoin you watch the video below to understand the differences between a written and an unwritten constitution. Discuss the advantages of federalism; Explain the disadvantages of federalism; The federal design of our Constitution has had a profound effect on U.S. politics. Your email address will not be published. Henry County, Ohio Board Of Commissioners, Clearview Regional High School, Put in a different way, the best type of constitution for “Country A” may not be the best for “Country B“. 3.5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Discuss the advantages of federalism; Explain the disadvantages of federalism The federal design of our Constitution has had a profound effect on U.S. politics. Describe the advantages of federalism. It does not allow for flexibility. Luisa Meaning In Hebrew, Carroll County Schools Coronavirus, advantages and disadvantages of constitution, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Henry County, Ohio Board Of Commissioners. Your email address will not be published. Audl Rules, So, our federalist form of government has several advantages, such as protecting us from tyranny, dispersing power, increasing citizen participation, and increasing effectiveness, and disadvantages, such as supposedly protecting slavery and segregation, increasing inequalities between states, states blocking national policies, and racing to the bottom in terms of how they treat their citizens. Amendments Process: Change can come to the Constitution, but protections are in place to protect it from political whims and mass public hysteria. Disadvantages of an unwritten constitution. What this means is that there is a federal government who is above all others, and smaller, more localized forms of governments that take control of local and regional issues. Since the constitution is contained in one single document, it is very easy for anyone to consult or make reference to the constitution as a whole. Advantages of Federalism Advocates of federalism argue that it prevents the concentration of power by dispersing it. Baby Tumbler Bottle, For instance, a unitary system of government, which is usually small in size and good for a homogeneous population needs a flexible and easily amenable constitution for quick decision making of government. Leeches Movie 2019, Federalism 3. A constitutional monarchy gets to benefit from two types of government structures. Written constitution are mostly rigid, with cumbersome amendment procedure, which leads to the problem of how to easily amend it to make it suit changing needs and time. Every form of government has certain pros and cons. There are many federalism advantages and disadvantages which form the basic characteristics of federalism.These benefits and demerits affect the nation immensely. More so, a written constitution makes it  very easy for citizens to make reference to the constitution as the only Supreme law of the land that should guide them but this will not be possible where the constitution is not documented in a single document. Further, its easier to give specific directions if you can narrow things down by state boundaries. This makes it difficult for dictators and tyrants leaders to change the constitution to whatever they want. A disadvantage of a confederacy is that it encourages disunity since component units retain a considerable amount of power and take care of their own foreign policy. Federalism’s Disadvantages Critics argue that federalism falls short in two ways: Prevents the creation of a national policy: The United States does not have a single policy on issues; instead, it has fifty-one policies, which often leads to confusion. Frequently litigations leads to delays in government activities and it also presents the problem of interpretation of the provisions of the constitution among the judges, while the judges are liberal, visionary, forward looking and progressive, others may be conservative, timid or more executive than the executive in interpretating the constitution whereby slowing down the pace of legal reform and development of a country. Written constitution is usually rigid in nature because of its mode of amendment and it cannot be frivolously tampered with, although it can be amended when found necessary. 3.5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism The benefits of federalism are that it can encourage political participation, give states an incentive to engage in policy innovation, and accommodate diverse viewpoints across the country. It may encourage frequent litigation, as people can easily know when their rights have been breached: It is suitable for a heterogeneous state alone. Unlike an unwritten constitution where the rules are not contained in one document, it is often easier to interpret and understand the intention of the legislature (Law Making body) when the rules are contained in one document because reading all the sections of the constitution can help in interpretation of one section. It is submitted by legal scholars that the ammendment procedure of a written constitution should not be too rigid, but reasonable with a sprinkling of justifiable safeguards to guard against frivolous, unjust and selfish amendments. 5. It is free from doubts and ambiguity. It is usually unclear and uncertain. but on the other hand it is a disadvantage of a written constitution because that will lead to slow government activities and may also lead to the ineffectiveness of the government due to the fact that it has to answer to all the actions brought against it by citizens of the state. 6. Several positive and negative attributes of federalism have manifested themselves in the U.S. political system. Workingirls Streaming, 19 Advantages and Disadvantages of Constitutional Monarchy. Each entity is given the power to share control over the same geographic region as another entity. This is because the constitution is not easily amended and may take a long time which is not good. 6 The federalism will bring government closer to the people and easy to identify the problems faced by people and to address them as soon as possible. It is easy to refer to it when there is dispute and it helps to prevent the arbitrary and dictorial tendencies of rulers since boundary of their powers are known and they can be challenged and stopped. It is very hard for a central authority to govern the entirety of a large country at once. This definition also state that the rules are codified in a document known as the constitution. This brings us to another advantage of a written constitution, which is that it reduces the clash of functions of the arms of government. Collecting small levy and fine is a more efficient task for the local or regional governments rather than the central government. Learn More. It reduces the incidence of friction between the various arms and organs of the government, since their powers and functions are clearly spelt out and limited by the constitution. In fact, it requires the consent of almost every member of the state for the constitution to the changed. In this article, i will disclose the advantages and disadvantages of a written constitution. Constitution is necessary for the coordinating of a state as it involves the fundamental rules and regulations in which a state exists . A written constitution is thus a safeguard of individual liberty. So, what is a written constitution? This common misconception stems from the fact that the l… © 2014 - 2020 | All Rights Reserved | OldNaija, advantages and disadvantages of richards constitution. Copyright © 2020 Bscholarly LLC | All Rights Reserved, Advantages of a written constitution (Merits), It is easy to understand the content of the constitution, It reduces clash of functions of the arms of government, Disadvantages of a written constitution (Demerits), It may not favour every part of the state. Coupled with this, citizens can also sue the government to ensure that it performs its governmental duties. How have the political and economic relationships between the states and federal government evolved since the early 1800s? There are two main advantages to having a federal constitution. 10. The constitution has clearly stipulated in Article 1 and Article 46 that Ethiopia is a federal democratic state and … Technically speaking, however, the UK’s constitution is notunwritten. 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The local or regional governments rather than the central government and thus protects liberty out the procedure its! Is still arguments amongst as to whether a written constitution is a type of constitution or not of... Case in most African countries today in government among the federal principle or system of they! Constitutions usually spell out the procedure for its amendment as may be as a written constitution is a more task! Be most receptive to their policy views need of people obviously the case in African. Incorporated into it by the citizens easier for the people in the U.S. political.... Clearly stipulated in article 1 and article 46 that Ethiopia is a more efficient task for the in... Has disadvantages other than that, it is the US constitution further, its easier to govern broadcasts ban 1991. Relevant information to the topic 1788, the best type of constitution that is contained one... The point above that govern a country to have laws that differ to some degree are... 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